10. CULTURED KILLERS -- BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS AND 3rd
Following World War II, biological warfare was advanced through funding
by the CIA, the Navy, and DOD with hundreds of BW projects at corporations
and universities throughout the country. "Offensive" programs
consisted of basic research into "promising" BW agents, development
of dispersal methods (anthrax bombs, mosquitoes, cloud seeding, etc.),
and stockpiling BW agents.
The research was banned in 1969 due to public pressure. Under President
Nixon's order, existing BW stocks were to be destroyed and further research
confined to "defensive purposes." Yet, in 1975, it was learned
that a CIA project still maintained BW stocks at Fort Detrick with covert
connections to "specific assassination plans."
Race-specific weapons such as cocci (Valley Fever) and tuberculosis
have been researched only by the DOD as biological warfare agents. Third
world countries are considered to be particularly vulnerable targets
for a BW attack instead of conventional weapons due to dispersed rural
populations with poor health and nutritional status and barely sufficient
agriculture. Blacks are more susceptible to tuberculosis than whites
according to research. Progressive cocci attacks nonwhite races at a
much higher rate than whites and once cocci has disseminated, the mortality
rate is a staggering 50-60%, even with treatment. Unexposed populations
with differences in enzyme systems provide the basis for "ethnic
There is a lack of distinction between offensive research, which is
banned, and defensive research, which is still permitted. The DOD is
funding cocci research to develop a vaccine. However, the author notes:
"In the context of biological warfare, even life-saving techniques
such as immunization take on a strange aspect: immunity among one's
own population and troops is a prerequisite to the initiations of disease
by our own forces."
Many Americans might be surprised to learn that biological warfare
research continues to be funded by the military -- the DOD's 1976 budget
was close to $18 million. The failure of the media to report our continued
involvement in BW research qualifies this story for nomination as one
of the "best censored" stories of 1981.
SOURCE: Science for the People, 7/81, by A. Conadera.