15. AMERICANS SPYING ON AMERICANS
Reagan administration's paranoid concern with communism has led to the development
of a national private spying network and an official effort by the FBI to turn
America's librarians into spies.
People and groups who speak out against
Reagan administration policies put themselves in jeopardy of surveillance by private
intelligence-gathering organizations composed of conservative groups with close
ties to the White House. Members say they pass on the information they collect
to federal agencies, like the Justice Department, and on occasion to the White
Conservative groups involved in these spying activities include
the Institute for Contemporary Studies, the Young America's Foundation, the Council
for Inter-American Security, and the Capital Research Center.
works at the Institute for Contemporary Studies, a San Francisco think-tank founded
by top Reagan aides like Ed Meese. Schwartz calls it "the commie-watching
Michael Boos, Program Director of Young America's Foundation, says
the group promotes conservative ideas on college campuses .. and keeps
track of what the left-wing opposition is up to. Boos keeps files, makes
lists, takes photographs ... all to keep an eye on students and professors
he says "need watching." Boos says that two top-level Reagan
Administration officials -- Ken Cribb, Assistant to the President for
Domestic Affairs, and Frank Donatelli, the President's chief Political
Advisor -- support his work. Both serve on Young America's Board of
Directors. Young America's financial records reveal the organization
received money from the federal government -- over $100,000 from the
United States Information Agency.
Michael Waller gathers information on left-wing activists
for a private political group called the Council for Inter-American Security.
The Council claims that Bill Casey was driven to have a brain seizure because
of harassment by the liberal media and liberal members of Congress. It also claims
that Michigan Congressman George Crockett was once a communist agent and that
other congressmen who secretly collaborated with the Soviet KGB included John
Burton, Ted Weiss, Ron Dellums, John Conyers, Don Edwards, and Charles Rangle.
Johnson, who heads the Capital Research Center which gathers information on opponents
of White House policies, is former Deputy Director of Personnel at the White House.
The Center gets its money from corporations and right-wing benefactors like Joe
Coors and Ellen Garwood, two key funders of the secret White House effort to support
Meanwhile, the FBI officially recruits librarians to spy on
library users who might be diplomats of hostile powers recruiting intelligence
agents or gathering information potentially harmful to U.S. security. While the
current program, euphemistically called the "Library Awareness Program,"
started shortly after the August, 1986, arrest of a Soviet spy who frequented
New York Libraries in search of student recruits and stolen, unclassified library
materials, the FBI said the program has existed for years in various incarnations.
Target 4, San Francisco, 11/10-12/87, Sylvia Chase, Jonathan Dann; Center for
Investigative Reporting, Dan Noyes; PHILADELPHIA INQUIRER, 2/23/88, "FBI
asks librarians to help in the search for spies," by Amy Linn.